+ Reply to Thread
Results 1 to 10 of 10

Thread: Canon Speedlite Flash Buyers Guide - Which is right for me?

  1. #1
    Join Date
    Jan 2006
    Location
    Raleigh, North Carolina, United States
    Posts
    6,352
    Images
    812

    Canon Speedlite Flash Buyers Guide - Which is right for me?

    Like other camera manufacturers, Canon has developed a "system" of flash units that can be used with any of their current model camera bodies. Canon uses the brand name "Speedlite" for the family, and those designated with the suffix "EX" are compatible with one another, and the current EOS bodies. They are not compatible with the older "EZ" series (if you want to take advantage of the automatic exposure capabilities).

    All of the EX flashes use E-TTL (or E-TTL II). The EX units use a preflash system along with the camera's metering system to determine the best exposure for the scene. The older EZ flashes do not use a preflash, but rather measure the amount of light reaching the film. Since DSLRs don't have film, the EZ units are incompatible with any DSLR, except for in full manual mode.

    The Speedlites do not have a "fill flash" mode that you can set, like the Nikon flashes do (SB-800 for example), but the mode is built in. If you wish for the flash to be fill, then you set the camera in one of the creative modes... M, Tv, or Av. Then you adjust the metering for the background of the scene, and the Speedlite will take care of metering the subject and applying the correct amount of fill. If you wish for the Speedlite to be the primary light source of the scene, then you'd set the camera to P mode (or one of the preset modes... I don't use these so I don't know which ones would enable flash for primary light).

    There are currently 3 Canon general use Speedlites in production in the EX series - 580EX, 430EX, and 220EX. They all support E-TTL and vary in power and features. There are also three discontinued Speedlites in the EX series that can be a great value - 550EX, 420EX, and 380EX. The naming convention of the Speedlites roughly equates to their power. The guide number of all but the 220 maps to the model number, at 105mm - ex. 550EX has a guide number of 55 meters at 105mm. This applies to all the Speedlites except the 220EX, which has a guide number of 22 meters at 28mm.

    Canon Speedlite 220EX



    The 220EX is the smallest and least expensive Speedlite. It is small enough to fit in a shirt pocket, and reasonably priced at approximately $120. It has a fixed head (no tilt or swivel) and no power adjustments. It can't be used as a wireless slave Speedlite. This is an improvement over the built-in flash in that it gets the flash higher from the lens (reduces red-eye and lens hood shadows), and provides more power.

    Canon Speedlite 380EX (discontinued)



    The 380EX is a big step up from the 220EX. It has a head that can be tilted to bounce flash, but it can't swivel. The head also automatically zooms with focal length. The 380EX can't be used with as a wireless slave Speedlite. The 380EX was replaced by the 420EX (also discontinued). The 380EX sells for about $110 on the used market.

    Canon Speedlite 420EX (discontinued)



    The 420EX has a tilt, swivel, and zoom head. This allows for bouncing the flash whether shooting in portrait or landscape orientations, or bouncing off walls rather than ceilings. The head also zooms from 24-105mm. The 420EX can be used as a wireless slave Speedlite. The 420EX sells for approximately $175 on the used market and was replaced by the 430EX.

    Canon Speedlite 430EX



    The 430EX is Canon's midsized Speedlite. It has a tilt, swivel, zoom head, just like the 420EX. The 430EX adds the ability to manually control the zoom and power. This allows for correction of the reported focal length on crop cameras (most DSLRs). It also has custom functions, faster recylcing times, and an LCD readout. The 430EX can be used as a wireless slave Speedlite. The 430EX sells for $240.

    Canon Speedlite 550EX (discontinued)



    The 550EX was the top EX Speedlite prior to the release of the 580EX, which has replaced it. It has most of the features of the 580EX, except for the white balance data and awareness of crop factor on DSLRs. The 550EX sells for about $290 on the used market.

    Canon Speedlite 580EX (discontinued)



    The 580EX is Canon's flagship Speedlite... most powerful and the most features. It has a tilt, swivel, and zoom head with automatic and manual zoom, like the 430EX. It can act as a wireless slave Speedlite, but can also be a master Speedlite. It has a stroboscopic mode which is a neat feature but something I've never used. The 580EX is aware of the crop factor of the camera its attached to (300D and later bodies), so that it correctly sets the zoom of the flash head. It has the ability to send color balance information that the body uses to make corrections in automatic color balance mode. It has more custom functions that the others, and can accept external power. The 580EX sells for $380.

    Canon Speedlite 580EX II



    The popular Speedlite 580EX Flash has been replaced by the new Speedlite 580EX II Flash, which features a host of improvements, including a metal hot shoe withan improved locking mechanism for added durability, an external metering sensor for non-TTL automatic flash exposure control and a PC socket for use with non-dedicated slave triggers.
    Fully compatible with all EOS SLRs, the Speedlite 580EX II is gasketed for dust and moisture resistance, making it possible for users of EOS-1 class digital SLRs and many L-series EF lenses to use flash safely when shooting in dusty or wet environments.
    The 580ex II sells for $420

    Other Speciality Products in Speedlite System

    Canon Speedlite ST-E2 Wireless Transmitter

    The ST-E2 is a compact hotshoe mounted device that provides wireless master capability for the Speedlite system. It can wirelessly control 550EX, 580EX(II), 420EX, and 430EX Speedlites, as well as MR-14EX and MT-24EX macro flashes. Like all of the components of the wireless Speedlite system, the ST-E2 requires line of site (or bounce) to the Speedlites it controls. It sends a flash pulse to the Speed lites to control them. The compatible Speedlites have swivel heads which helps facility flexible setup. The ST-E2 sells for about $210.

    Canon MR-14EX Macro Ring Lite

    The MR-14EX is a macro flash designed for close up photography. The MR-14EX has a guide number of 14 meters. It has twin circular flash tubes that are mounted on lens attached mount. The power can be evenly spread, or varied by a six-stop range from one lite to the other. The MR-14EX can also provide wireless master or slave Speedlite capability together with other Speedlites. The MR-14EX includes a control unit that is hotshoe mounted, and a cable attached head that mounts directly onto an EF 50mm f/2.5 Compact Macro, EF 100mm f/2.8 Macro (both versions), and MP-E 65mm Macrophoto Lenses [without filters attached] (can also be used with EF 180mm f/3.5L Macro USM via Macrolite Adapter 72C). It can also be adapted to other popular filter sizes with appropriate Macrolite Adapters; 52mm, 58mm & 72mm. The MR-14EX sells for $450.


    Canon MT-24EX Macro Ring Lite

    The MT-24EX is a twin head macro flash designed for close up photography. THe MT-24EX has a guide number of 22 meters. It has twin flash tubes that can be mounted on lens attached mount by default, or slipped off and placed on any hotshoe type mount, or even handheld. While in the mount, they can be adjusted to many different angles. Each head has a modeling lamp that can be setup to come on at the double tap of the shutter release on the camera body. The power can be evenly spread, or varied by a six-stop range from one lite to the other. The MT-24EX can also provide wireless master or slave Speedlite capability together with other Speedlites. The MT-24EX includes a control unit that is hotshoe mounted, and a cable attached head that mounts directly onto an EF 50mm f/2.5 Compact Macro, EF 100mm f/2.8 Macro (both versions), and MP-E 65mm Macrophoto Lenses [without filters attached] (can also be used with EF 180mm f/3.5L Macro USM via Macrolite Adapter 72C). It can also be adapted to other popular filter sizes with appropriate Macrolite Adapters; 52mm, 58mm & 72mm. The MT-24EX sells for $650.

    "Sometimes I do get to places just when God's ready to have somebody click the shutter..."
    Ansel Adams


    "... So don't choke and screw it up!" Me

    Mike Collins



    Canon 5DMk3 (gripped), 17-40L f/4, 24-70L f/2.8 II, 70-200L f/2.8 IS II, 100 f/2.8 Macro, 135L f/2, 200L f/1.8, TC1.4 II, TC2 III, 600EX-RT (2), ST-E3-RT
    Sigma 15 f/2.8 Fisheye

  2. #2
    Join Date
    Jul 2005
    Location
    Nassau, New York, United States
    Posts
    9,844
    Images
    3013
    Wow excellent writeup Mike! Great job on it! Should be a good informational tool for people looking for a flash!
    Ross Mealey
    Canon Professional Services Member

  3. GREAT WRITE UP......


    very useful

  4. #4
    Join Date
    Jan 2006
    Location
    Raleigh, North Carolina, United States
    Posts
    6,352
    Images
    812
    Quote Originally Posted by Orgnoi1
    Wow excellent writeup Mike! Great job on it! Should be a good informational tool for people looking for a flash!
    Thanks... I still have a few tweaks to do, but its a start. I keep seeing people asking which flash to buy, and I honestly didn't understand all the differences... so I did a little research. Me being the, "go for the biggest" type guy, I bought 580EX flashes out of the gate and never looked at the others. I see now there are some great values out there for someone that is looking for a little jump up from the on camera flash. You don't have to spend $400 to get a flash that works pretty well.

    "Sometimes I do get to places just when God's ready to have somebody click the shutter..."
    Ansel Adams


    "... So don't choke and screw it up!" Me

    Mike Collins



    Canon 5DMk3 (gripped), 17-40L f/4, 24-70L f/2.8 II, 70-200L f/2.8 IS II, 100 f/2.8 Macro, 135L f/2, 200L f/1.8, TC1.4 II, TC2 III, 600EX-RT (2), ST-E3-RT
    Sigma 15 f/2.8 Fisheye

  5. #5
    Join Date
    Jun 2006
    Location
    Oxford, Connecticut, United States
    Posts
    12,105
    Images
    45
    i just picked up another Nikon SB-25 on ebay today.. now my evil "Strobist" off cam flash set up is complete..Bwaaaa haaa haaaa! now i gotta find a use for it..lol
    thanks Mike, great write up!
    Canon EOS 30D With grip, various lenses and stuff...

    see my pics at www.brokenfencephotography.com

    Visit me on Facebook..

    Feel like helping some homeless Pets?
    the proceds from any of the products purchased go
    directly to helping CT animal shelters.
    www.helpwillysfriends.com.org

  6. #6
    Just the info I needed! Does anybody have similar info on Metz flashes working in tandem with EOS cameras?
    Regards,
    blairblaiss

    ______________________________________

    Dyson "Slim" vacuum with accessory suckers;
    Kitchen Aid double-capacity toaster!

  7. #7
    Join Date
    Jul 2005
    Location
    Nassau, New York, United States
    Posts
    9,844
    Images
    3013
    Updated page information with new flashes and corrections to previous nomenclatures...
    Ross Mealey
    Canon Professional Services Member

  8. #8
    Join Date
    Oct 2007
    Location
    Rochester, New York
    Posts
    2,574
    Wow thanks Mike! I am amazed at how the prices have lowered on these flashes. I need to upgrade my flash. I use a Sigma now but its not powerful enough for my indoor work. Thanks for taking the time to write this out.
    www.flickr.com/photos/oldnavy170

    Canon XTi
    Canon 85mm 1.8 Prime Lens
    Canon 50mm 1.8 Prime Lens
    Sigma 28-70mm 2.8-4.0 Wide Angle Lens
    Canon 18-55mm Kit Lens
    Sigma 500 DG Flash
    Continuous Lights (Generic Brand )

  9. #9
    wow. very useful. i love the portability of canon flashes and the trasmitter.

  10. good write up! here is a "farewell" review on discontinued Canon 580EX and whole bunch of pictures: http://photo.greenlightstreet.com/ww...mArticleID/14/




    I used to have it - great flash. Now I have the Mark II - even better
    http://photo.greenlightstreet.com/ww...rmArticleID/6/


+ Reply to Thread

Thread Information

Users Browsing this Thread

There are currently 1 users browsing this thread. (0 members and 1 guests)

     

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts